Instructions to Authors
Original papers concerned with all fields
of physiology, pathology, dialysis, kidney transplantation
and biochemistry from laboratory and
clinical research and written in English are considered
for publication in the Acta Nephrologica.
To facilitate editorial processing, the following
points with regard to the preparation of
manuscript should be noted.
1. Manuscripts must be typewritten and doublespaced
with margins on one side of paper.
Pages should be numbered in lower righthand
2. The manuscripts should be arranged in the
following order: title page, abstract, key
words, introduction, materials and methods,
results, discussion, ack nowledgments, references,
tables, figure legends, and illustrations.
3. The title page should contain the complete
article title, a running page headline (short
title) not to exceed 50 characters, the name of
Institute where the work was done.
4. Abstract following the title page should contain
a concise abstract and up to 5 relevant
key words/MeSH terms in alphabetical order.
Abstracts should be structured for Original
Articles, with the section headings: Background, Methods, Results, and Conclusion.
No abstract is required for Review Article
5. References cited in the text should be by
Arabic numerals in parenthesis and not by
the names of the authors. The references list
should be in alphabetical order and numbered
consecutively. If there is only 1 page, state
if the article in an abstract or letter. The last
names and initials of all authors up to 6 should
be included, but when there are more than 6
authors, only the last names and initials of the
first 6 authors only, followed by “et al.” The
style of citation should be as follows:
Journal Articles. Last name of first author,
followed by initials; last names of each coauthor
followed by initials, title of article
(first word only capitalized); name of journal
(abbrev iated as in Index Medicus, published
by the National Library of M edicine, USA),
volume, inclusiv e pages, and year. Examples:
(1) Chen HI , Shih WJ , Chen TP . A scientiphotographic
study of pulmonary edema and
hemorrhage induced by cerebral compression
and norepinephrine. Chinese J Physiol
22: 65-73, 1976.
(2) Tay T, Martin F, Rowe N, Johnson K, Poole
M, Tan K, et al. Prevalence and causes of
visual impairment in craniosynostotic syndrome.
Clin Experiment Ophthalmol 34: 434-440, 2006.
Book References. Author(s) as above;
tilte of book (main words capitalized); city
of publication; publisher; year and pages.
(3) Parmley WW, Tyberg JV. Determinants of
myocardial oxygen demand. In: Progress in
Cardiology, edited by Yu PN and G oodwin
JF. Philadelphia, PA, USA: Lea & Febiger,
1976, vol. 5, pp. 19-36.
(4) Winer BJ . Statistical Principles in Experimental
Design. New York , NY, U SA: McGraw-H ill, 1971.
Abstracts. An abstract properly identified (Abstract) may be cited only when it is the sole
(5) Turk enk opf I, Olsen J, J ohnson PR. Hepatic
lipogenic enzyme activity in the preobese
Zucker rat (fafa) (Abstract). Federation
Proc 38: 547, 1979.
(6) Chang JP , M organ RO, Catt K J . I nositol
phosphates, diacylglycerol, and arachidonic
acid in G nRH action (Abstract 48). The 1st
International Congress of Neuroendocrinology,
San Francisco, USA, 1986, p. 35.
6. Abbreviations and symbols for units of measurement
should conform to international
7. Tables should be typed on separate sheets, be
numbered in Arabic numerals and be accompanied
by adequate headings. Explanatory
matter should appear in foot notes that are
identified by superscript letters or asterisk s.
Their appropriate position in the text should
be indicated by a note in the margin.
8. Figures must be submitted separately as high
resolution picture files, at the correct resolution
of 600 dpi. The files should be named
according to the figure number, e.g., “ Fig1.
9. If there are colored pages in a manuscript,
authors must agree on printing them in colored
plates, which are at the expense of the
authors, after this manuscript is accepted for
10. To expedite the rev iew process, authors are
encouraged to submit names including E-mail
address of 4-6 suggested reviewers.
11. M anuscripts submitted as Short Communications
should be concise and contain short
technical notes, or preliminary experimental
results. They should not exceed a total of five
printed pages and not include more than three
illustrations. The abstract for a Short Communication
should not exceed 200 words.
The editors reserv e the right to decide what
constitutes a Short Communication. Review
Articles and Editorial Comments are published
usually upon invitation to outstanding
scientists on special topics.
12. Case report should contain abstract, introduction,
case report, discussion, (acknowledgment
), references, tables, legends, and figures
13. There is no page charge for a paper with 8
printed pages or less. For manuscripts that
exceed 8 printed pages, authors should be
charged for each additional page. Reprints
may be ordered.